The Upper Cumberland Region Foray ProjectCentral Node
|A male Baltimore Oriole in the process of feeding young in a nest in a sweet gum near the Beaver Creek Boat Ramp, Barren County, KY, during the foray in that county (5 June 2013); based on foray data from the 26 Upper Cumberland Region counties, Barren County proved to harbor the densest population of this colorful breeding species within the Region; photograph credit: David L. Roemer.|
It is a general rule that when the bird fauna stays intact, so does the rest of the fauna and flora. E. O. Wilson
An Upper Cumberland Region Foray (UCR Foray) is a bird-monitoring survey lasting 312 days that is designed to gather data on the breeding status, distribution, and abundance of most species breeding in a single county. Usually held sometime from late May to late June, a Foray brings together a small group of birders who spend several or more days collecting data and seeking evidence of breeding about as many species of birds as possible. A list of all participants in the 26 forays conducted 2008 to 2016 is provided below.
Results of UCR Forays often provide the best available data about the breeding status, distribution, and abundance of breeding birds in the Region's 26 counties, usually surpassing in detail of coverage results from two previous efforts along the same linesTOS forays conducted from the late 1970s and 1980s and/or Tennessee/Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlases conducted from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s.
The protocol and instructions for understanding and conducting UCR Forays are explained at the pages accessible via these links:
To see a map depicting the counties where UCR Forays and earlier forays have been conducted or to see a table listing all species encountered during UCR Forays (including links to species accounts for all species encountered during the foray period [2008 to 2016]), click on the appropriate link below:
Links to pages that display results of UCR Forays conducted from 2008 to 2016 follow; these pages also include information from breeding bird atlas efforts conducted in these counties, and some of them include data from forays conducted in the historical past.
Kentucky Counties of the UCR
Tennessee Counties of the UCR
* If anyone has access to results of the 1985 Foray in Cumberland County, Tennessee, please share them.
To see physiographic maps of individual Tennessee counties in the Region displaying the USGS quadrangles that overlap them, to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that are contained within them (and to get an idea of how much effort might be required to conduct a foray in them), or to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that received coverage during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Nicholson 1997), click on the appropriate link below:
|County Map Displaying USGS Quadrangles||County Map Displaying USGS Blocks *||County Map Displaying BBA Blocks Surveyed **|
|Bledsoe County Quads||Bledsoe County Blocks48||Bledsoe County BBA Blocks30|
|Clay County Quads||Clay County Blocks30||Clay County BBA Blocks14|
|Cumberland County Quads||Cumberland County Blocks75||Cumberland County BBA Blocks52|
|DeKalb County Quads||DeKalb County Blocks40||DeKalb County BBA Blocks14|
|Fentress County Quads||Fentress County Blocks55||Fentress County BBA Blocks42|
|Jackson County Quads||Jackson County Blocks40||Jackson County BBA Blocks15|
|Macon County Quads||Macon County Blocks32||Macon County BBA Blocks13|
|Morgan County Quads||Morgan County Blocks58||Morgan County BBA Blocks40|
|Overton County Quads||Overton County Blocks47||Overton County BBA Block24|
|Pickett County Quads||Pickett County Blocks24||Pickett County BBA Blocks14|
|Putnam County Quads||Putnam County Blocks46||Putnam County BBA Blocks25|
|Scott County Quads||Scott County Blocks62||Scott County BBA Blocks36|
|Smith County Quads||Smith County Blocks37||Smith County BBA Blocks8|
|Van Buren County Quads||Van Buren County Block33||Van Buren County BBA Blocks15|
|Warren County Quads||Warren County Blocks47||Warren County BBA Blocks15|
|White County Quads||White County Blocks49||White County BBA Blocks19|
|Total Blocks in TN part of UCR651|
* The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks in that county. ** The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks surveyed during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas project; coverage of the blocks was uneven with the "priority" (central eastern) block in each quadrangle getting good coverage and with other blocks in each quadrangle getting a varying amount of coverage.
To see physiographic maps of Individual Kentucky counties in the Region displaying the USGS quadrangles that overlap them, to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that are contained within them (and to get an idea of how much effort might be required to conduct a foray in them), or to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that received coverage during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Palmer-Ball 1996), click on the appropriate link below:
|County Map Displaying Quadrangles||County Map Displaying Blocks *||County Map Displaying BBA Blocks Surveyed **|
|Adair County Quads||Adair County Blocks46||Adair County BBA Blocks7|
|Barren County Quads||Barren County Blocks54||Barren County BBA Blocks9|
|Clinton County Quads||Clinton County Blocks24||Clinton County BBA Blocks4|
|Cumberland County Quads||Cumberland County Blocks35||Cumberland County BBA Blocks6|
|McCreary County Quads||McCreary County Blocks51||McCreary County BBA Blocks9|
|Metcalfe County Quads||Metcalfe County Blocks32||Metcalfe County BBA Blocks5|
|Monroe County Quads||Monroe County Blocks35||Monroe County BBA Blocks6|
|Pulaski County Quads||Pulaski County Blocks72||Pulaski County BBA Blocks11|
|Russell County Quads||Russell County Blocks31||Russell County BBA Blocks5|
|Wayne County Quads||Wayne County Blocks54||Wayne County BBA Blocks10|
|Total Blocks in KY part of UCR408|
* The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks in that county. ** The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks surveyed during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas project; coverage of these blocks was consistently good.
Chronology of Upper Cumberland Region Foray Project 2008–2016
The 2008 UCR Foray was conducted in DeKalb County, Tennessee, 23–26 May by a small group of UCR birders with support from two TOS members. Carol Williams and I co-coordinated the foray in DeKalb County, and I compiled the results (see link above), which included minimal or greater coverage of all blocks in the county.
The 2009 UCR Forays—conducted in Pickett County, Tennessee, 22–25 May; in Jackson County, Tennessee, 29 May–1June; and in Clinton County, Kentucky, 12–14 June—were quite successful, with all blocks in all counties receiving minimal or greater coverage. Click on the links above for the results of those UCR Forays.
The 2010 UCR Forays—conducted in Cumberland County, Tennessee, 29 May–4 June; Pulaski County, Kentucky, 5–11 June; and Clay County, Tennessee, 12–15 June—were also quite successful, with all blocks in all counties receiving coverage, usually minimal or greater. Ed LeGrand and I were co-coordinators of the 2010 UCR Foray in Cumberland County; Roseanna Denton and I were co-coordinators of the 2010 UCR Foray in Pulaski County; and I was coordinator of the 2010 UCR Foray in Clay County. A TOS Foray was conducted in Cumberland County in 1985, but data from that foray are largely unavailable; anyone who can provide that information will be much appreciated, as it would be good to be able to compare the results of the 2010 UCR Foray with those of the 1985 TOS Foray.
The 2011 UCR Forays were conducted in Overton (23–29 May 2011), Putnam (6–12 June 2011), and Van Buren (13–15 June 2011) counties, Tennessee, and in McCreary County (30 May–5 June 2011), Kentucky; results of the Overton County foray may be compared with results of the foray in that county conducted during 1986, as well as with results of the Breeding Bird Atlas project in Tennessee.
The 2012 UCR Forays were conducted in Wayne County, Kentucky (1–10 June 2012), in Bledsoe County, Tennessee (17–22 June 2012), and in Russell County, Kentucky (13–15 and 26–29 June 2012); results from the Bledsoe County foray may be compared with results of the TOS Foray conducted in that county during mid-June 1987.
The 2013 UCR Forays were conducted in Barren County, Kentucky (1–6 June 2013), Metcalfe County, Kentucky (8–12 June 2013), Macon County, Tennessee (14–22 June 2013), and Fentress County, Tennessee (22–28 June 2013).
The 2014 UCR Forays were conducted in Morgan County, Tennessee (1–8 June 2014), in Adair County, Kentucky (8–16 June 2014), and in Cumberland County, Kentucky (16–20 June 2014).
The 2015 UCR Forays were conducted in White County, Tennessee (1–6 June 2015), in Monroe County, Kentucky (1–11 June 2015), and in Smith County, Tennessee (15–25 June 2015).
The 2016 UCR Forays were conducted in Warren County, Tennessee (1–10 June 2016), and in Scott County, Tennessee (9–24 June 2016).
Cumulative Foray Participants (2008–2016)
|BHS--Barbara H. Stedman|
|SJS--Stephen J. Stedman, project coordinator|
|RMD--Roseanna M. Denton|
|EKL--Edmund K. LeGrand|
|JWB--John W. Barthelme|
|DLC--Daniel L. Combs|
|DAD--Douglas A. Downs|
|MCD--Marti C. Downs|
|BSD--Betty Sue Dunn|
|GKE--Ginger K. Ensor|
|JaF--Janie C. Finch|
|JuF--Judy C. Fuson|
|HMG--Heather M. Gothard|
|RCH--Robbie C. Hassler|
|MJH--Michael J. Hawkins|
|CGH--C. Gay Hodges|
|NSL--Nancy S. Layzer|
|JEM--Joseph E. Mast|
|NPM--N.P. "Mac" McWhirter|
|SNM--Susan N. McWhirter|
|LMM--Lynda M. Mills|
|TBM--Thomas B. Mills|
|AMM--Arlene M. Morton|
|CSN--Connie S. Neeley|
|MPO--Michael P. O'Rourke|
|MSO--Michelle S. O'Rourke|
|DLR--David L. Roemer|
|SMR--Sue M. Russell|
|TMS--Thomas M. Saya|
|WAW--Winston A. Walden|
|CDW--C. D. Williams|
Foray Effort Prior to 2008
The first six forays occurring in the Upper Cumberland Region (UCR) were conducted by members of the TOS in the following counties and during the following years: Fentress (1979), Pickett (1979), White (1982), Cumberland (1985), Overton (1986), and Bledsoe (1987). Data from at least two of these forays were incorporated into the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas.
A trial Foray was conducted by a group of UCR birders—with support from several TOS members—in White County, Tennessee, 25–28 May, almost exactly 25 years after a TOS foray took place in that county 28–31 May 1982. Data resulting from these two forays provided a rare opportunity to view changes taking place in a county avifauna over the course of a quarter century. Note: M. L. Bierly shared the original data from the 1982 White County Foray; also Note: in 2015 still another foray was conducted in White County, following the standard protocol for UCR Forays (see above).
Note: U.S. copyright law is very clear about use of intellectual property: short quotations from such property may be presented if a proper citation of the source is provided; longer passages or reprints of entire documents may be presented only if permission is granted by the originator and owner of the intellectual property, in this case Stephen J. Stedman, Professor Emeritus, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee.
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