The Upper Cumberland Region Foray Project—Central Node

 

A male Baltimore Oriole in the process of feeding young in a nest in a sweet gum near the Beaver Creek Boat Ramp, Barren County, KY, during the foray in that county (5 June 2013); based on foray data from the 26 Upper Cumberland Region counties, Barren County proved to harbor the densest population of this colorful breeding species within the Region; photograph credit: David L. Roemer.

                                    

                                           It is a general rule that when the bird fauna stays intact, so does the rest of the fauna and flora.  E. O. Wilson

 

An Upper Cumberland Region Foray (UCR Foray) is a bird-monitoring survey lasting 3–12 days that is designed to gather data on the breeding status, distribution, and abundance of most species breeding in a single county.  Usually held sometime from late May to late June, a Foray brings together a small group of birders who spend several or more days collecting data and seeking evidence of breeding about as many species of birds as possible. A list of all participants in the 26 forays conducted 2008 to 2016 is provided below.

    Results of UCR Forays often provide the best available data about the breeding status, distribution, and abundance of breeding birds in the Region's 26 counties, usually surpassing in detail of coverage results from two previous efforts along the same lines—TOS forays conducted from the late 1970s and 1980s and/or Tennessee/Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlases conducted from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s.

    The protocol and instructions for understanding and conducting UCR Forays are explained at the pages accessible via these links:

    To see a map depicting the counties where UCR Forays and earlier forays have been conducted or to see a table listing all species encountered during UCR Forays (including links to species accounts for all species encountered during the foray period [2008 to 2016]), click on the appropriate link below:

   Links to pages that display results of UCR Forays conducted from 2008 to 2016 follow; these pages also include information from breeding bird atlas efforts conducted in these counties, and some of them include data from forays conducted in the historical past.

Kentucky Counties of the UCR

Tennessee Counties of the UCR

* If anyone has access to results of the 1985 Foray in Cumberland County, Tennessee, please share them.

    To see physiographic maps of individual Tennessee counties in the Region displaying the USGS quadrangles that overlap them, to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that are contained within them (and to get an idea of how much effort might be required to conduct a foray in them), or to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that received coverage during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Nicholson 1997), click on the appropriate link below:

County Map Displaying USGS Quadrangles County Map Displaying USGS Blocks * County Map Displaying BBA Blocks Surveyed **
Bledsoe County Quads Bledsoe County Blocks—48 Bledsoe County BBA Blocks—30
Clay County Quads Clay County Blocks—30 Clay County BBA Blocks—14
Cumberland County Quads Cumberland County Blocks—75 Cumberland County BBA Blocks—52
DeKalb County Quads DeKalb County Blocks—40 DeKalb County BBA Blocks—14
Fentress County Quads Fentress County Blocks—55 Fentress County BBA Blocks—42
Jackson County Quads Jackson County Blocks—40 Jackson County BBA Blocks—15
Macon County Quads Macon County Blocks—32 Macon County BBA Blocks—13
Morgan County Quads Morgan County Blocks—58 Morgan County BBA Blocks—40
Overton County Quads Overton County Blocks—47 Overton County BBA Block—24
Pickett County Quads Pickett County Blocks—24 Pickett County BBA Blocks—14
Putnam County Quads Putnam County Blocks—46 Putnam County BBA Blocks—25
Scott County Quads Scott County Blocks—62 Scott County BBA Blocks—36
Smith County Quads Smith County Blocks—37 Smith County BBA Blocks—8
Van Buren County Quads Van Buren County Block—33 Van Buren County BBA Blocks—15
Warren County Quads Warren County Blocks—47 Warren County BBA Blocks—15
White County Quads White County Blocks—49 White County BBA Blocks—19
Total Blocks in TN part of UCR—651

* The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks in that county. ** The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks surveyed during the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas project; coverage of the blocks was uneven with the "priority" (central eastern) block in each quadrangle getting good coverage and with other blocks in each quadrangle getting a varying amount of coverage.

    To see physiographic maps of Individual Kentucky counties in the Region displaying the USGS quadrangles that overlap them, to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that are contained within them (and to get an idea of how much effort might be required to conduct a foray in them), or to see maps of counties displaying the foray blocks that received coverage during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) project (Palmer-Ball 1996), click on the appropriate link below:

County Map Displaying Quadrangles County Map Displaying Blocks * County Map Displaying BBA Blocks Surveyed **
Adair County Quads Adair County Blocks—46 Adair County BBA Blocks—7
Barren County Quads Barren County Blocks—54 Barren County BBA Blocks—9
Clinton County Quads Clinton County Blocks—24 Clinton County BBA Blocks—4
Cumberland County Quads Cumberland County Blocks—35 Cumberland County BBA Blocks—6
McCreary County Quads McCreary County Blocks—51 McCreary County BBA Blocks—9
Metcalfe County Quads Metcalfe County Blocks—32 Metcalfe County BBA Blocks—5
Monroe County Quads Monroe County Blocks—35 Monroe County BBA Blocks—6
Pulaski County Quads Pulaski County Blocks—72 Pulaski County BBA Blocks—11
Russell County Quads Russell County Blocks—31 Russell County BBA Blocks—5
Wayne County Quads Wayne County Blocks—54 Wayne County BBA Blocks—10
Total Blocks in KY part of UCR—408

* The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks in that county. ** The number following each entry represents the total number of foray blocks surveyed during the Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas project; coverage of these blocks was consistently good.

 

Chronology of Upper Cumberland Region Foray Project 20082016

    The 2008 UCR Foray was conducted in DeKalb County, Tennessee, 2326 May by a small group of UCR birders with support from two TOS members. Carol Williams and I co-coordinated the foray in DeKalb County, and I compiled the results (see link above), which included minimal or greater coverage of all blocks in the county.

    The 2009 UCR Foraysconducted in Pickett County, Tennessee, 2225 May; in Jackson County, Tennessee, 29 May1June; and in Clinton County, Kentucky, 1214 Junewere quite successful, with all blocks in all counties receiving minimal or greater coverage.  Click on the links above for the results of those UCR Forays.

    The 2010 UCR Foraysconducted in Cumberland County, Tennessee, 29 May4 June; Pulaski County, Kentucky, 511 June; and Clay County, Tennessee, 1215 June—were also quite successful, with all blocks in all counties receiving coverage, usually minimal or greater.  Ed LeGrand and I were co-coordinators of the 2010 UCR Foray in Cumberland County; Roseanna Denton and I were co-coordinators of the 2010 UCR Foray in Pulaski County; and I was coordinator of the 2010 UCR Foray in Clay County. A TOS Foray was conducted in Cumberland County in 1985, but data from that foray are largely unavailable; anyone who can provide that information will be much appreciated, as it would be good to be able to compare the results of the 2010 UCR Foray with those of the 1985 TOS Foray.

    The 2011 UCR Forays were conducted in Overton (23–29 May 2011), Putnam (6–12 June 2011), and Van Buren (13–15 June 2011) counties, Tennessee, and in McCreary County (30 May–5 June 2011), Kentucky; results of the Overton County foray may be compared with results of the foray in that county conducted during 1986, as well as with results of the Breeding Bird Atlas project in Tennessee.

    The 2012 UCR Forays were conducted in Wayne County, Kentucky (110 June 2012), in Bledsoe County, Tennessee (1722 June 2012), and in Russell County, Kentucky (13–15 and 26–29 June 2012); results from the Bledsoe County foray may be compared with results of the TOS Foray conducted in that county during mid-June 1987.

    The 2013 UCR Forays were conducted in Barren County, Kentucky (16 June 2013), Metcalfe County, Kentucky (812 June 2013), Macon County, Tennessee (1422 June 2013), and Fentress County, Tennessee (2228 June 2013).

    The 2014 UCR Forays were conducted in Morgan County, Tennessee (18 June 2014), in Adair County, Kentucky (816 June 2014), and in Cumberland County, Kentucky (1620 June 2014).

    The 2015 UCR Forays were conducted in White County, Tennessee (16 June 2015), in Monroe County, Kentucky (111 June 2015), and in Smith County, Tennessee (1525 June 2015).

    The 2016 UCR Forays were conducted in Warren County, Tennessee (110 June 2016), and in Scott County, Tennessee (924 June 2016).

 

Cumulative Foray Participants (20082016)

BHS--Barbara H. Stedman
SJS--Stephen J. Stedman, project coordinator
RMD--Roseanna M. Denton
EKL--Edmund K. LeGrand
JWB--John W. Barthelme
DLC--Daniel L. Combs
GC--Granville Cox
SD--Steve Denton
DAD--Douglas A. Downs
MCD--Marti C. Downs
BSD--Betty Sue Dunn
GKE--Ginger K. Ensor
JaF--Janie C. Finch
JuF--Judy C. Fuson
HMG--Heather M. Gothard
RCH--Robbie C. Hassler
MJH--Michael J. Hawkins
LH--Linda Henderson
RH--Ryan Higgins
CGH--C. Gay Hodges
JL--James Layzer
NSL--Nancy S. Layzer
JEM--Joseph E. Mast
LMc--Linda McClendon
NPM--N.P. "Mac" McWhirter
SNM--Susan N. McWhirter
LMM--Lynda M. Mills
TBM--Thomas B. Mills
AMM--Arlene M. Morton
CSN--Connie S. Neeley
WN--Wendell Neeley
JN--John Noel
MPO--Michael P. O'Rourke
MSO--Michelle S. O'Rourke
DLR--David L. Roemer
SMR--Sue M. Russell
TMS--Thomas M. Saya
HT--Helga Thompson
WAW--Winston A. Walden
MW--Melinda Welton
RW--Ralph Wiggers
VW--Virginia Wiggers
CDW--C. D. Williams
DW--Don Williams
BY--Ben Yandell
MY--Mary Yandell

 

Foray Effort Prior to 2008

    The first six forays occurring in the Upper Cumberland Region (UCR) were conducted by members of the TOS in the following counties and during the following years: Fentress (1979), Pickett (1979), White (1982), Cumberland (1985), Overton (1986), and Bledsoe (1987). Data from at least two of these forays were incorporated into the Tennessee Breeding Bird Atlas.

    A trial Foray was conducted by a group of UCR birderswith support from several TOS membersin White County, Tennessee, 2528 May, almost exactly 25 years after a TOS foray took place in that county 2831 May 1982.  Data resulting from these two forays provided a rare opportunity to view changes taking place in a county avifauna over the course of a quarter century. Note: M. L. Bierly shared the original data from the 1982 White County Foray; also Note: in 2015 still another foray was conducted in White County, following the standard protocol for UCR Forays (see above).

 

Note: U.S. copyright law is very clear about use of intellectual property: short quotations from such property may be presented if a proper citation of the source is provided; longer passages or reprints of entire documents may be presented only if permission is granted by the originator and owner of the intellectual property, in this case Stephen J. Stedman, Professor Emeritus, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee.

 

Literature Cited

 

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